Arrest and control tactics for protection professionals

The Defensive Tactics Threat Pattern Recognition (also known as Pressure Point Control Tactics, or PPCT) course from Human Factor Science teaches the physical mechanics of the use of force and arrest and control. It is required by most employers before staff are permitted to handle handcuffs. This international program is the industry standard on this content and has been developed with decades of research in the law enforcement field.


This course has been designed to provide you with a solid foundation of understanding the dynamics of protection while working as a peace officer or a security guard.  It focuses on your ability to identify threat indicators leading up to an incident, proper positioning for safety, match appropriate uses of force to situations, and understand the legal responsibility you have in these situations. 

For basic information about what equipment is provided on the job, and purchasing handcuffs and batons, please see the article: Duty Gear for Security Jobs. To learn how to have the Baton qualification added to your Security Services licence, or recertify your Baton qualification on your licence read our article: How to Add Baton to your Security Licence.

Defensive Tactics Training (PPCT)


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"Dave is an absolute master of self defense. I took his PPCT course and attended some Krav Maga classes. Let just say that the 5 day course was an absolute pleasure. It exceeded the standards for PPCT and also gave you very real, usable techniques on how to protect yourself. Dave is a student (himself) where he let's you have a voice. He gives very practical and useful skills to deal with any situation that you may come across. My only regret is that I was not able to continue to learn and go to more classes. Highly recommended for anyone who wants to learn a self defense. Or wants to improve what they already know."

- J. W.



Learn more about the Defensive Tactics and Handcuffing certification and recertification.


Handcuffing & Baton

Learn more about the Defensive Tactics Handcuffing & Baton certification and recertification.

"Whenever I think of security training Tip of Spear is my go to every time. From classroom to the field you cannot go wrong with any of the courses provided. In the classroom Dave’s method of teaching gives you the best results whether you’re new to the field or returning to re-cert. 10 out of 10 would recommend every time!"

- Jeremy


Defensive Tactics: Handcuffing 



Duration: 16 hour course over two days, Saturday and Sunday

Tuition: $199 + GST

Certification: Issued by HFRG, valid for 1 year. Recertification is required annually.


The course covers portions of the PPCT Defensive Tactics Course Program including:

  • Use of Force Human Factors

  • Control Principles

  • Tactical Handcuffing

  • Escort Position and Joint Lock Control

  • Pressure Point Control Tactics

  • Defensive Counterstrikes

Upon completion of this program, the student should be competent in all physical training techniques and have a working knowledge of use of force, the impacts of stress on the body and mind-set required to be successful working in protective services. The certificate issued for successfully attending this course is valid for a one year period from the last day of the course.


Requirements: A current Peace Officer Appointment, Military, Security License OR employed with AGLC qualified (ie. Casino/Bar) required and must be shown to the instructor at the beginning of class.



Duration: 8 hour course over 1 day, Sunday

Tuition: $99 + GST

Certification: Issued by HFRG, valid for 1 year. Recertification is required annually.

We have developed this program to award those that have chosen us as their PPCT Provider. The day includes a lecture and physical review uses of force. You will be expected to review your manual prior to the course to prepare for the written exam. 

Requirements: You will need to supply the instructor with proof of your current PPCT Certification from Tip of Spear at the beginning of class. Exceptions on previous trainers will be considered on a case by case basis. Please email us to ask about your previous training and provider to see if it qualifies.


Defensive Tactics: Handcuffing & Baton

To have approval to use a baton, it is a requirement from Alberta Justice and Solicitor General to take the full 40 hour approved training program, and have the additional qualification on your Security Services license. To use a baton for your specific job, you MUST have approval from your current employer. For full instructions on how to apply and recertify for the baton qualification on your licence, read the article How to add Baton to you Security Licence.


Duration: 40 hour course over 5 days, Saturday to Wednesday

Tuition: $399 + GST

Certification: Issued by HFRG, valid for 1 year. Recertification is required annually. Recertification for licensing with the government is 3 years.